Project management

Overcome procrastination: The best tips & tools ✓

Procrastination can have long-term consequences for your health and professional development. We will introduce you to proven methods for overcoming procrastination in everyday project work.
Overcome procrastination: The best tips & tools ✓

An old German proverb says: "Tomorrow, tomorrow ... just not today, say all lazy people." It illustrates the tendency of many people to put off unpleasant tasks and instead spend time on distractions such as checking emails or watching cat videos. However, sporadic procrastination can quickly turn into a habit that has a serious impact on productivity and self-esteem. This vicious circle of procrastination significantly impairs quality of life and performance.

Table of contents - What you can expect:

Reasons for procrastination
Consequences of procrastination
Tips against procrastination
Avoid postponement

What is procrastination?

Procrastination describes the phenomenon of delaying the completion of tasks. This behaviour is based on the tendency to prioritise short-term rewards over long-term goals, even if you are aware of the negative consequences of procrastination.

Reasons for procrastination

The question of the causes of procrastination harbours a multitude of explanations. But why do we like to put off unpleasant tasks in the first place? This question is complex, because every person is unique and has individual reasons for procrastination. However, if procrastination leads to serious problems that affect our ability to achieve our goals, it is advisable to seek professional help. What are the most common reasons for procrastination?

Unclear priorities

If you feel uncertain about the long-term goals or priorities of your projects on a day-to-day basis, this can affect your motivation. For example, unclear instructions from management or a lack of clarity about the strategic goals of the project could mean that you have difficulty focussing on the implementation of tasks.


Especially in project management, the tendency towards perfectionism can lead to delays. For example, if you are constantly trying to make every aspect of a project perfect, you can get caught up in endless planning loops instead of starting the actual work. This quest for perfection can significantly slow down the progress of the project.


Overload can occur in projects if, for example, too many tasks have to be completed at the same time or if the project goals have been set unrealistically high. As a result, they withdraw and try to escape the excessive demands by procrastinating instead of taking concrete steps to complete the tasks.

Lack of motivation

In project teams, lack of motivation can occur when members do not understand the relevance or benefits of their tasks. For example, if you cannot find the necessary motivation for market research in a marketing project, this can lead to the research being neglected, which can significantly impair the quality of the marketing strategy.

Fear of failure

The fear of the Failure of the projects can cause you to shy away from taking responsibility. For example, if you fear that a project goal will not be achieved, you may hold back to avoid possible negative consequences instead of actively working on solutions.


Procrastination is one thing above all: distraction! Constant availability and the temptation to browse social media can be particularly pronounced in project management. For example, if you're in a hectic project situation, it's tempting to distract yourself from more pressing tasks with emails or social networks. Better not do that! The Project success could be affected!

You can actively influence these reasons in your day-to-day work. However, the tendency to procrastinate is not only due to a lack of willpower. Profound neurobiological causes play an important role in this behavioural pattern and have a significant influence on our emotions, self-control, motivation and learning processes.

Laziness & procrastination: that's the difference!

Laziness and procrastination are often confused, but they have different causes. While laziness tends to describe an aversion to work in general, procrastination results from various psychological factors such as lack of self-control, fear of failure or perfectionism. These can be exacerbated by a lack of clarity about the importance of the task, whereas procrastination is often a habitual behaviour that can be overcome by setting clear goals and priorities.

Consequences of procrastination

The constant tendency to put off unpleasant tasks - i.e. procrastination - can have significant consequences that go far beyond simply avoiding duties. In particular, if you are under a lot of pressure to perform, you can quickly fall into a vicious circle that has long-term negative consequences:

Pressure to perform 💼 Procrastination can lead to acute and long-term pressure, which is stressful.
Feelings of guilt 😔 Self-reproach and feelings of guilt often accompany the postponement of important tasks.
Health 🏥 Chronic procrastination can lead to stress, physical complaints and psychological problems.
Professional development 📉 Procrastination can lead to missed deadlines and inadequate results, which impairs professional development.
Social relationships 🤝 Procrastination can lead to frustration and loss of confidence in social and professional interactions.

Although constant procrastination can have a significant impact on your personal and professional life, you can overcome procrastination! There are various approaches and methods to combat procrastination.

15 tips against procrastination

There is no one-size-fits-all method against procrastination, as the Causes and reasons for this behaviour are different for each person. It is therefore crucial to know and test different techniques and strategies! This way you can find out which ones work best for you.

Tip 1: Set priorities

The Setting priorities is an effective method against procrastination. By prioritising your tasks, you gain clarity about which steps should be taken next. By focussing on the essential tasks, you avoid distractions caused by secondary activities. This clear focus helps you to get started quickly with your work and helps to minimise procrastination. For example, set yourself the goal of completing a maximum of five tasks each day. Of these, you should definitely complete 2-3 so that you can consider your day a success. To prioritise your upcoming tasks, you can use tried and tested methods such as the Eisenhower methodwhich ABC analysis or the Pareto principle to fall back on.

Tip 2: Break larger tasks into smaller ones

Breaking down tasks into smaller parts helps to break down complex projects into manageable steps and avoid excessive demands. It makes it easier to get started, keep an overview and reduce fears of making mistakes. By defining goals and prioritising subtasks according to an ABC analysis, you can work more efficiently and track progress better. Regularly reviewing your to-do list ensures that you stay on track. This structured approach improves organisation, increases productivity and boosts motivation by creating a sense of achievement.

Tip 3: Avoid distractions

Minimise external distractions such as social media and mobile phone notifications to increase your productivity. Create an orderly Workplace design and prioritise your tasks in order to concentrate on the essentials. Avoid multitasking, as this can impair concentration and lead to errors. If necessary, use noise-cancelling headphones to reduce distracting noises. Clear goals help you to focus and avoid distractions.

Tip 4: Set yourself goals

Define clear, precise and - above all - achievable goals for each working day to keep you motivated. Think about what you want and need to achieve with your projects in the long term. For large goals, it can be helpful to divide them into smaller, manageable steps. This allows you to keep an eye on your progress at all times. Very important: Reward yourself when you have achieved your goals. This activates the reward centre in your brain and motivates you to continue with further projects!

Tip 5: Use time management strategies

To avoid procrastination, it is helpful to use time management techniques. These can help you to work more productively and use your time more efficiently. The following strategies have proven effective:

Pomodoro technique: This method divides your time into 25-minute intervals (pomodoros) with short breaks in between. Four pomodoros are followed by a longer break. During the Pomodoro sessions, you concentrate exclusively on the task at hand.

Eat The Frog: This strategy involves completing unpleasant tasks first to get them out of the way. This reduces stress and increases your productivity.

Time blocking: This method divides your time into blocks for specific tasks or projects. Set fixed times for emails, phone calls and other tasks to utilise your time more effectively.

Seinfeld method: This technique is based on the idea of completing a specific task every day and marking an X on a calendar to maintain the chain of successful days. In this way, you develop a habit that can increase your productivity.

Tip 6: Avoid perfectionism

Perfectionism can lead to stress, guilt and frustration by getting lost in the details and setting unrealistic standards. Accept that mistakes are normal and perfection is unattainable. Set realistic goals and use a Definition of Done (DoD) to finalise tasks. Delegate tasks to save time and improve quality. Focus on progress rather than mistakes and set time limits to avoid dwelling too long on details.

Tip 7: Create routines

Introducing routines increases productivity, structures everyday life and avoids procrastination. Identify and prioritise your most important tasks and plan their time requirements and frequency. Create a schedule that provides a sufficient buffer to avoid stress. Learn from time deviations in order to plan future Project planning to improve. Stick to your routine consistently, even if it is challenging at first. It will get easier over time, and this routine can help you achieve your goals and make your day-to-day work easier.

Tip 8: Ask for help

You can avoid procrastination by seeking support from colleagues or superiors to help you complete your tasks. For example, your line manager can provide you with additional resources to help you achieve your project goals in a reasonable amount of time. If you have experienced colleagues in your team, speak to them if you encounter problems or obstacles in the course of the project. It's important not to hesitate when you need help. Open communication with your team can go a long way towards creating a positive working environment and improving your own performance. And who knows, maybe your colleagues have other strategies for dealing with procrastination. This will give you additional tips and tricks to successfully leave procrastination behind.

Tip 9: Record every task & processing time

Recording every task helps to maintain an overview and avoid excessive demands. The GTD (Getting Things Done) method makes it easier to organise, prioritise and complete tasks. Use a to-do app instead of handwritten lists to efficiently manage and prioritise tasks and share them with team members. At the latest after the BAG time clock judgement you have to record your working hours on a daily basis anyway. With software for Work time tracking this is no longer another tedious to-do, but can be done with just a few mouse clicks.

Tip 10: Set due dates for tasks

Clear deadlines help to avoid procrastination and ensure that tasks are completed on time. Record all tasks in a to-do list and give each one a deadline in order to Set priorities. Check and update these deadlines regularly so that you are always well organised and prepared.

Tip 11: Find the reason for procrastination

Consciously reflect on why you put off tasks and the reasons behind this. Think about what is unpleasant about completing certain tasks and whether it causes stress. Try to organise these activities in such a way that they cause less stress and negative feelings. Break habits and approach tasks differently next time.

Tip 12: Work during your productive hours

Use your most productive times to complete difficult or unpleasant tasks. Larks should work early in the morning, while owls perform best in the evening and at night. Respect your individual rhythm to make working more comfortable and effective.

Tip 13: Draw clear lines between work and leisure time

Reserve fixed recovery times in the evening when work is no longer permitted. Also plan during the day Regular breaks in. So you can enjoy your free time without a guilty conscience and ensure your relaxation.

Tip 14: Reward yourself when you reach milestones

As praise for completed tasks is rare, plan small rewards before starting work. Buy yourself a book or treat yourself to a relaxing bath after completing a task. These rewards increase your motivation, make work more enjoyable and increase your motivation. Work-life balance.

Tip 15: Use the working time restriction method

Set a fixed time to start a task and set an alarm clock 15 minutes beforehand. Use this time to prepare yourself for work with a ritual. Start on time to increase the likelihood of completing the task. According to the 72-hour rule, the chance of starting a project decreases significantly if it is not started within three days.

Avoid procrastination with project time tracking

Procrastination, i.e. the postponement of tasks that should actually be completed promptly, is a widespread phenomenon. The causes of this behaviour are manifold and the associated effects, such as stress or a burdened conscience, are known to you by now at the latest. Although there is no universal cure for procrastination, there are numerous methods, tips and tricks at your disposal to counteract this tendency. By implementing intelligent time management strategies, you can integrate structure and routine into your working day.

In this context, ZEP supports you as software for Project time tracking to use your time more efficiently to increase your productivity and reduce stress. True to the motto "Work smarter, not harder", ZEP supports you throughout the entire project management process - from dynamic project planning and Distribution of resources through to the exact recording of all project times. So you can track your goals in real time and give procrastination no chance! Here you can secure your free and non-binding ZEP test versionn for 30 days!


Procrastination is a widespread phenomenon that can significantly affect both productivity and personal well-being. There are many causes, including unclear priorities, perfectionism, excessive demands, lack of motivation, fear of failure and distractions. By identifying the individual reasons for procrastination and applying targeted techniques such as setting clear priorities, splitting larger tasks, minimising distractions and using time management strategies, you can effectively combat procrastination.

A structured approach that respects your personal work rhythm and provides regular rewards for milestones achieved increases motivation and makes it easier to start work. With the support of Project time recording software like ZEP, you can use your time more efficiently, reduce stress and track your goals in real time, so procrastination doesn't stand a chance. Implement these methods in your daily work routine to be more successful and satisfied in the long term.


When is procrastination a disease?

Procrastination is considered an illness when it becomes chronic and leads to significant impairment in daily life, such as serious professional or personal consequences. In such cases, professional diagnosis and treatment by a psychologist or therapist may be necessary.

What types of procrastination are there?

There are different types of procrastinators, including the perfectionist, who procrastinates for fear of making mistakes, and the avoider, who puts off tasks due to excessive demands or fear of failure. Another type is the pleasure-seeker, who favours short-term rewards and therefore avoids unpleasant tasks.

How much procrastination is normal?

A certain degree of procrastination is normal and affects almost everyone from time to time. It becomes problematic when procrastination occurs regularly and to such an extent that it significantly impairs everyday life and the achievement of important goals.

Tanja Hartmann CEP

Tanja Hartmann

Content Marketing Manager at ZEP

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